Item report


Archival description hierarchy

# Reference code Title Dates Access restrictions
1 MBOI-4-1-MBS-474 Map of Africa. For additional information on these slides, see the Meyer Brownstone historical file. None
2 MBOI-4-1-MBS-475 Map of South Africa. None
3 MBOI-4-1-MBS-476 Map of Namibia. None
4 MBOI-4-1-MBS-477 Two security workers. Women played a major role in many aspects of the election and registration including security and peace keeping. None
5 MBOI-4-1-MBS-478 The brutal history of apartheid- a subject of many posters. None
6 MBOI-4-1-MBS-479 An ANC rally. None
7 MBOI-4-1-MBS-480 Mandela voting- a joyous historic moment. Generally photographing was not permitted in polls but this was a very special historic moment in which Oxfam Canada was invited to participate. None
8 MBOI-4-1-MBS-481 Mandela "voting" for the benefit of the international press outside the polling station since the press was not permitted inside the poll. None
9 MBOI-4-1-MBS-482 Mandela in the polling station. None
10 MBOI-4-1-MBS-483 Buthelezi (head of the Inkatha Freedom Party) voting after boycotting the election until the last minute. He was the favoured black candidate for the supporters of apartheid. None
11 MBOI-4-1-MBS-484 Inkatha rally Durban. None
12 MBOI-4-1-MBS-485 Inkatha rally at Durban None
13 MBOI-4-1-MBS-486 An ANC election poster. None
14 MBOI-4-1-MBS-487 Dancing at an election education session witnessed by Flora Macdonald. None
15 MBOI-4-1-MBS-488 Pre-election violence. None
16 MBOI-4-1-MBS-489 Women's demand for democratic equality. None
17 MBOI-4-1-MBS-490 Mandela campaigning. None
18 MBOI-4-1-MBS-491 South African flag. None
19 MBOI-4-1-MBS-492 Army at an ANC rally attacked by Inkatha-Umlazi None
20 MBOI-4-1-MBS-493 Voter education None
21 MBOI-4-1-MBS-494 De Klerk- leader of the National Party- campaigning None
22 MBOI-4-1-MBS-495 Teachers at school which had been attacked by Inkatha prior to the election as a method of intimidating ANC supporters and supporting the Inkatha boycott. None
23 MBOI-4-1-MBS-496 ANC supporters leaving attacked rally. None
24 MBOI-4-1-MBS-497 Army stationed above stadium taken over by Inkatha. No attempt was made to remove Inkatha and permit ANC rally to proceed. None
25 MBOI-4-1-MBS-498 Inkatha rally at Durban None
26 MBOI-4-1-MBS-499 Coming to registration- often taking a day of walking and waiting. None
27 MBOI-4-1-MBS-500 Young nurse. None
28 MBOI-4-1-MBS-501 Clinic. None
29 MBOI-4-1-MBS-502 Cooking for a school. None
30 MBOI-4-1-MBS-503 The school meal. None
31 MBOI-4-1-MBS-504 Typical children's work. None
32 MBOI-4-1-MBS-505 Capetown. None
33 MBOI-4-1-MBS-506 Post apartheid beach at Capetown. None
34 MBOI-4-1-MBS-507 Flora Macdonald as model and Iona Campagnola in a craft shop in Durban which trained village women in printing fabrics and clothing design using images of everyday village life. None
35 MBOI-4-1-MBS-508 Briefing the mission in Durban. None
36 MBOI-4-1-MBS-509 Women's farm project visited by pre-election mission. None
37 MBOI-4-1-MBS-510 Protected spraying. None
38 MBOI-4-1-MBS-511 Ed Broadbent with farmers. None
39 MBOI-4-1-MBS-512 Brownstone in flak jacket- standard wear during pre-election violence and peace monitoring. None
40 MBOI-4-1-MBS-513 Brownstone with Inkatha leaders at a polling station following agreement to participate in election. None
41 MBOI-4-1-MBS-514 Mandela casting his ballot. None
42 MBOI-4-1-MBS-515 Mandela casting his ballot. None
43 MBOI-4-2-MBS-205 Mission on a road leading to a town held by FLMN but access given by Salvadoran army which controlled the road. The mission was menaced all along the road by army personnel hidden in the bush. El Salvador, 1986. None
44 MBOI-4-2-MBS-206 Leonard Johnson at the airport. El Salvador 1987. None
45 MBOI-4-2-MBS-207 Mission photo with FlMN representative. Left to right ? member from Quebec, Nancy Thede, Meyer Brownston, Leonard Johnson, John Savage. El Salvador, 1986. None
46 MBOI-4-2-MBS-208 FLMN graffiti in village it held. El Salvador. El Salvador, 1986. None
47 MBOI-4-2-MBS-209 FLMN graffiti- "Long Live Heroic, invincible Guazaoa (a rural centre). An arrow in the heart of the enemy." El Salvador, 1986. None
48 MBOI-4-3-MBP-200 Maria- our Salvadoran guide. El Salvador, 1987. None
49 MBOI-4-3-MBP-201 Maria and Greg (Translator from Montreal). El Salvador, 1987. None
50 MBOI-4-3-MBP-202 Maria and Greg cooling off. El Salvador, 1987. None
51 MBOI-4-3-MBP-203 Organizer of the process. El Salvador, 1987. None
52 MBOI-4-3-MBP-204 Young trainer. Women were very prominent in the activity. El Salvador, 1987. None
53 MBOI-4-3-MBP-205 Training the trainers. El Salvador, 1987. None
54 MBOI-4-3-MBP-206 Civil society leader addressing a session. El Salvador, 1987. None
55 MBOI-4-3-MBP-207 An elder participant. El Salvador, 1987. None
56 MBOI-4-3-MBP-208 Explaining the meeting purpose and procedure. Banner "event of commitment and delivery of the citizens' platform" Note the peace doves. El Salvador, 1987. None
57 MBOI-4-3-MBP-209 Organizing meeting for the national process. Banner: "Programme" in part "participation of civil society in the transparency of the El Salvador electoral process." El Salvador, 1987. None
58 MBOI-4-3-MBP-210 Campaign poster of FLMN candidate for mayor of San Salvador. Note instruction "Vote in only one party symbol." Use of symbols on ballots was essential in societies with a high rate of illiteracy. El Salvador, 1987. None
59 MBOI-4-3-MBP-211 Plaque at the memorial naming the six professors (priests)- all in the social sciences. Of particular note is Prof. Ellacuria whom I met. We had a long conversation about the political and human rights situation in El Salvador (both being political scientists). He was dean of the University and a publicly known target of the death squads and condemned as a foreigner since he was born in Spain and also targeted because he was a well known authority on democratic thought which was anathema to the death squads and indeed, the government in power. None
60 MBOI-4-3-MBP-212 Mural of the murderd faculty housekeeper and her son. El Salvador, 1987. None
61 MBOI-4-3-MBP-213 Complete mural (see preceding image). El Salvador, 1987. None
62 MBOI-4-3-MBP-214 Sketches of the agony of the martyrs. El Salvador, 1987. None
63 MBOI-4-3-MBP-215 Sketches of the agony of the martyrs. El Salvador, 198 None
64 MBOI-4-3-MBP-216 Sketches of the agony of the martyrs. El Salvador, 1987 None
65 MBOI-4-3-MBP-217 Portrait of Archbishop Romero, murdered in his cathedral by the death squads. El Salvador, 1987. None
66 MBOI-4-4-MBS-210 Session in a rural town. El Salvador, 1987 None
67 MBOI-4-4-MBS-211 Explaining purposes of meeting. El Salvador, 1987. None
68 MBOI-4-4-MBS-212 An FLMN official supporting the process. Although the process was essentially non partisan i.e. sponsored by a civil society organization the FLMN was prominent in its support of the process, El Salvador, 1987. None
69 MBOI-4-4-MBS-213 Local politician offering encouragement. El Salvador, 1987. None
70 MBOI-4-4-MBS-214 Older voter interest. El Salvador, 1987. None
71 MBOI-4-4-MBS-215 Waiting for a session. El Salvador, 1987. None
72 MBOI-4-4-MBS-216 Arriving at a session. El Salvador, 1987 None
73 MBOI-4-4-MBS-217 Young trainer. El Salvador, 1987 None
74 MBOI-4-4-MBS-218 Older interest. El Salvador, 1987 None
75 MBOI-4-4-MBS-219 Training organizer. El Salvador, 1987. None
76 MBOI-4-5-MBS-001 Tegucigalpa airport US army plane landing. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
77 MBOI-4-5-MBS-002 Colomancagua village Kindergarden. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
78 MBOI-4-5-MBS-003 Vultures-a common sight in rural Honduras, Honduras ca. 1985 None
79 MBOI-4-5-MBS-004 Honduran women in Colomancagua village being interviewed by an unidentified person. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
80 MBOI-4-5-MBS-005 Camp band and choir. La Virtud, Honduras, ca. 1985 None
81 MBOI-4-5-MBS-006 Jack Munro (B.C. union leader) Katherine Pearson (Oxfam Staff) and an unidentified person. El Tosoro, Honduras, ca. 1985 None
82 MBOI-4-5-MBS-007 Father Greg Chisholm, mission translator at airstrip with Honduran military. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985 None
83 MBOI-4-5-MBS-008 Air view of Colomancagua camp showing separate "villages" Honduras, ca. 1985 None
84 MBOI-4-5-MBS-009 Warren Allmand, Liberal MP at airstrip. Colomancagua , Honduras, ca. 1985 None
85 MBOI-4-5-MBS-010 Martin Barber UK Refugee Council with Camp Committee. El Tesoro, Honduras, ca. 1985 None
86 MBOI-4-5-MBS-011 Saints day rural parish near Tegucigalpa with Canadian priest. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
87 MBOI-4-5-MBS-012 Mary Contier of Caritas Mexico who co-ordinated most of our missions-cooling off. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
88 MBOI-4-5-MBS-013 Bruce Cockburn and Jeffrey House en route, ca. 1985 None
89 MBOI-4-5-MBS-014 Unsure either Honduran Minister Alvarez or UNHCR Hasselman. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
90 MBOI-4-5-MBS-015 New US air base at Palmero. A large base adequate for regional coverage, e.g. Contra war in Nicaragua. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
91 MBOI-4-5-MBS-016 Dan Heap NDP MP listening to a Salvadoran refugee living clandestinely in Tegucigalpa. In all missions efforts were made to engage mission members indirect contact with refugees as well as Honduran government and army officials as well as aid workers, journalists and human rights advocates in Honduras. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
92 MBOI-4-5-MBS-017 Dutch Nurse - she was quite young and the only health worker in El Tesoro, a camp which was subject to violence from both Guatemalan and Honduran troops. El Tesoro, Honduras, ca. 1985 None
93 MBOI-4-5-MBS-018 Lunch in Tegucigalpa-Warren Allmand Liberal MP, Joe Gunn, Interpreter (Canadian with Catholic Bishops), John and Mary Contier-Caritas Mexico which provided services in some of the camps under UNHCR. Mary co-ordinated most Oxfam missions, ca. 1985. None
94 MBOI-4-5-MBS-019 Jack Munro shaving. He was part of an Oxfam mission led by Katherine Pearson at the same time Meyer Brownstone was on a mission for the US Quakers and on which he reported in New York to a group of interested UN ambassadors. Munro was a prominent trade unionist in British Columbia. He typifies the diversity in composition of the Oxfam missions engaging various sectors of civil society in Canada who were interested in an advocacy role on behalf of the refugees. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985 None
95 MBOI-4-5-MBS-020 Joe Reid Conservative MP in the same interview as in 016. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
96 MBOI-4-5-MBS-021 Mission in Tegucigalpa prior to meeting with government. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
97 MBOI-4-5-MBS-022 Two unidentified men urinating off a cliff. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
98 MBOI-4-5-MBS-023 Colomancagua village-Women with washing-School. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
99 MBOI-4-5-MBS-024 Martin Barber, Mary Contier and? In Colomancagua village.. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
100 MBOI-4-5-MBS-025 Ian Waddell NDP This mission included Ian Waddell and Warren Allmand and covered both Honduras and Nicaragua, ca. 1985 None
101 MBOI-4-5-MBS-026 Mary Contier and Meyer Brownstone. She was of enormous help with our missions with information, transport and strategy. Honduras, ca 1985. None
102 MBOI-4-5-MBS-027 Honduran subsistence farm. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
103 MBOI-4-5-MBS-028 Mother and child. Displaying the great strength of the refugee women and their determination to survive. Mesa Grande, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
104 MBOI-4-5-MBS-029 Mary Contier with a CBC crew. Honduras, ca 1985. None
105 MBOI-4-5-MBS-030 Naomi Espinoza. Honduran human rights activist and part of CEDEN and CODEH two organizations which provided services to the camps. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
106 MBOI-4-5-MBS-031 Tegucigalpa. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
107 MBOI-4-5-MBS-032 Cooks with cabbage in communal kitchen. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
108 MBOI-4-5-MBS-033 Warren Allmand-same interview as in 016. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
109 MBOI-4-5-MBS-034 Naomi Espinoza. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
110 MBOI-4-5-MBS-035 Mission in a Honduran town. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
111 MBOI-4-5-MBS-036 Dan heap on air strip. Colomancagua, Honduras, 1985. None
112 MBOI-4-5-MBS-037 Baking ovens. Traditional ovens fueled by wood harvested by refugees. Mesa Grande, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
113 MBOI-4-5-MBS-038 Cooking Pan (Bread). Mesa Grande, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
114 MBOI-4-5-MBS-039 Recently arrived refugee telling her story. Most missions were able to take testimonies from recent arrivals who told their own stories and conditions in El Salvador. Mesa Grande, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
115 MBOI-4-5-MBS-040 Forced removal of refugees from La Virtud to relocation at (M). Note the hoes being saved by a refugee. This relocation was part of the US, El Salvador, Honduras scheme to clear the border area and militarize it as an alleged barrier against the FLMN and the Sandinista government in Nicaragua. There was a failed attempt to relocate both Colomancagua and Mesa Grande which generated strong opposition from the refugees who feared being removed further from home. The UNHCR played a very dubious role in this scheme and earned the hostility of the refugees and protests to Geneva. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
116 MBOI-4-5-MBS-041 Community gathering to meet mission. Mesa Grande, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
117 MBOI-4-5-MBS-042 Community. La Virtud, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
118 MBOI-4-5-MBS-043 Carpas (Tents) these were the standard residences - always overcrowded. Wooden structures were later built in. La Virtud, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
119 MBOI-4-5-MBS-044 A general view. La Vritud, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
120 MBOI-4-5-MBS-045 An elder looking towards El Salvador. He told Meyer Brownstone that he sat here every evening thinking about the past and about his return - he had never lost hope. Grande Mesa, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
121 MBOI-4-5-MBS-046 General view of typical harsh terrain-barren, treeless. Much less productive than La Virtud or Colomancagua. Mesa Grande, Honduras, ca. 1985 None
122 MBOI-4-5-MBS-047 Families. Colomancagua, Honduras, 1985. None
123 MBOI-4-5-MBS-048 Families. There were many young mothers in the camps. Some fathers were FMLN fighters who came to the camps for rest and for treatment of wounds. (Clandestinely) There was evidence of international health workers crossing the border to attend to the sick and wounded in El Salvador. At least one doctor with Medecins Sans Frontieres was murdered after being denounced by an informer in the camp. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985 None
124 MBOI-4-5-MBS-049 General view. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
125 MBOI-4-5-MBS-050 Dutch nurse placing makeshift flour and newspaper cast on Meyer Brownstone who injured his ankle while jumping into a ditch escaping random gunfire in an attack on the camp by Guatemalan troops. El Tesoro, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
126 MBOI-4-5-MBS-051 View of one of the villages or sub-camps. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
127 MBOI-4-5-MBS-052 Mass conducted by Dan Heap, an Anglican priest and Greg Chisholm, a Catholic priest. This was a rare occasion for the refugees who were a deeply religious people (Catholics) whose main religious service came from Delegados de la Palabra (delegates of the word) who were not priests but equivalent to "brothers" who could not conduct important service procedures. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
128 MBOI-4-5-MBS-053 Waiting for our arrival with gardens in the background. Gardens were very productive and had river water available for irrigation. La Virtud, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
129 MBOI-4-5-MBS-054 Dutch nurse and patients. El Tesoro, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
130 MBOI-4-5-MBS-055 Dutch with Martin Barber and Mary Contier. El Tesoro, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
131 MBOI-4-5-MBS-056 Dan Heap and Greg Chisholm conducting Mass at La Vritud. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
132 MBOI-4-5-MBS-057 Local Band and choir. Music was very important in the camps and could be provided by musicians playing string instruments which were "home built". The songs were a mixture of traditional and songs describing both the sufferings as refugees and the hopes for freedom and return. Along with children's drawings of their traumatic experiences and artisanal work of a wide variety these served to retain cultural values and expression and produce messages for international missions of supporters suc h as Oxfam. La Virtud, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
133 MBOI-4-5-MBS-058 One of series of photographs of photographs taken of FMLN activities in El Salvador. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
134 MBOI-4-5-MBS-059 Family portrait. Suc portraits were rare since there was a significant absence of males, particularly young males who were fighting in El Salvador. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
135 MBOI-4-5-MBS-060 Campamentos from above. Note the relatively green terrain including trees which was in stark contrast to the barren terrain of Mesa Grande. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
136 MBOI-4-5-MBS-061 Father of priest murdered in El Salvador. He and his wife then became refugees since they were no longer safe in El Salvador. This sort of situation was not uncommon many refugees had fled because they were marked people since other family members had been identified as "the enemy". Colomancagua Honduras, ca. 1985. None
137 MBOI-4-5-MBS-062 This image illustrate the demography of the camps and in particular the prominence of children and young teens. As teens grew older some went back to El Salvador to join the FMLN and the civil war. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
138 MBOI-4-5-MBS-063 Meyer Brownstone and one of the master potters. The gift remains in his possession. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
139 MBOI-4-5-MBS-064 Bruce Cockburn et al having a refreshment. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
140 MBOI-4-5-MBS-065 General view with very productive gardens in the background. The Salvadorans were excellent farmers as was confirmed when Meyer Brownstone worked with refugees in Nicaragua on land allocated by the Nicaraguan government. La Virtud, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
141 MBOI-4-5-MBS-066 School in the camp. Seats were rocks. There were few supplies for teachers and pupils such as paper, pencils, blackboards, chalk etc etc. Most Oxfam missions brought basic supplies which were put to work immediately. Colomancagua , Honduras, ca. 1985. None
142 MBOI-4-5-MBS-067 Waiting for a very special concert featuring Bruce Cockburn and the camp band. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985 None
143 MBOI-4-5-MBS-068 An overwhelming reception for the mission with the refugees lining the roadway to the concert venue. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985 None
144 MBOI-4-5-MBS-069 Family Portrait. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
145 MBOI-4-5-MBS-070 This is a beautiful child with whom Meyer Brownstone played. On his next visit shortly later he tried to find the child but no own could tell me where she was until, finally, someone took pity on me and told me that the child had died of dysentery shortly after my visit. He was devastated by her death which illustrated the lack of health workers in the camps and the failure to educate the refugees in the treatment of dysentery. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
146 MBOI-4-5-MBS-071 Three little maids. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
147 MBOI-4-5-MBS-072 Meyer Brownstone. Colomancagua , Honduras, ca. 1985 None
148 MBOI-4-5-MBS-073 The image is a witness to International Committee of Voluntary Agencies in Colomancagua. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
149 MBOI-4-5-MBS-074 Toy making and play objects were both an important testimony to the skills of the refugees and a contribution to childrens activities. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985 None
150 MBOI-4-5-MBS-075 Scooter. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
151 MBOI-4-5-MBS-076 Hospital built by the refugees. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1982 None
152 MBOI-4-5-MBS-077 Refreshment break. The roads to camps were very rough and the temperature high so that these stops were welcomed. Hondruas, ca. 1985. None
153 MBOI-4-5-MBS-078 Toys. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
154 MBOI-4-5-MBS-079 Toys. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
155 MBOI-4-5-MBS-080 Poultry production. Poultry was a prime source of proteins for the refugees. One of the projects funded in part by Oxfam Canada. Both La Virtud and Colomancagua were self sufficient in proteins. La Virtud, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
156 MBOI-4-5-MBS-081 Hundreds of people lining a dirt road, perhaps to watch a procession. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
157 MBOI-4-5-MBS-082 A victim testifying. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
158 MBOI-4-5-MBS-083 Toys. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
159 MBOI-4-5-MBS-084 Typically the men lift the tubs and other containers but the women do all the carrying-the more difficult part of the water supply system. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985 None
160 MBOI-4-5-MBS-085 Poultry building and garden. Colomancagua, Hondruas, ca. 1985. None
161 MBOI-4-5-MBS-086 Burnishing pots- young trainees. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
162 MBOI-4-5-MBS-087 Four girls sitting at a desk, with books in front of them. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
163 MBOI-4-5-MBS-088 Unidentified girl in a dress with needle and thread embroidering a cloth. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
164 MBOI-4-5-MBS-089 Poultry- white leghorn species-good egg producer. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
165 MBOI-4-5-MBS-090 School. La Virtud, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
166 MBOI-4-5-MBS-091 Garden and kitchen alongside-from garden t kitchen=super fresh. La Virtud, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
167 MBOI-4-5-MBS-092 Sewing was another workshop activity involving two generations of women. Meyer Brownstone has some samples in his position, some of which portray the situation which refugees found themselves, some have messages to the international community. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
168 MBOI-4-5-MBS-093 Grinding corn or tortillas using maize grown on camp gardens. La Virtud, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
169 MBOI-4-5-MBS-094 Laundry. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
170 MBOI-4-5-MBS-095 The camp master potter - Meyer Brownstone has a sample of her artistic work but most of her work was of the functional sort and used in the camp. La Virtud, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
171 MBOI-4-5-MBS-096 More embroidery work by young people. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
172 MBOI-4-5-MBS-097 Typical Honduran village. Reminiscent of traditional Quebec village with the prominence of the church as a dominant institution. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
173 MBOI-4-5-MBS-098 View of a small refugee camp on a plateau in an arid and cleared landscape. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
174 MBOI-4-5-MBS-099 Listening to our tape deck. In general children were the focus of much attention from the various missions. Many were traumatized by the flight from El Salvador when refugees were attacked by the Salvador military and children were carried on the backs of Adults as they crossed the two rivers Lempa and Supul into Honduras while harassed and shot at by helicopters. But they responded to the friendliness, playfulness and small gifts from the mission members some of whom had a natural affinity to children e.g Father Greg Chisholm. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
175 MBOI-4-5-MBS-100 Lots of babies and young mothers. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
176 MBOI-4-5-MBS-101 Unidentified man with two children in front of rose bushes and a red brick wall. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
177 MBOI-4-5-MBS-102 Young mothers. Mesa Grande, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
178 MBOI-4-5-MBS-103 Young baby sitter. Many mothers were busy with multiple tasks-carrying water, washing clothes, preparing food , growing food, working in workshops. Young children were important in tasks that could be delegated by mothers. Mesa Grande, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
179 MBOI-4-5-MBS-104 Health poster. There were many of these which were very explicit in their messages and drawings since there was a high level of illiteracy. This poster is quite adamant-breast feeding only no bottles ever. Colomancagua, Hondruas, ca. 1985. None
180 MBOI-4-5-MBS-105 A beautiful child-one of many. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
181 MBOI-4-5-MBS-106 An elder singing about freedom and return-He sang whenever Meyer Brownstone visited. He was important for vocalizing the problems of the refugees, messages to the outside world and the traditional culture. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
182 MBOI-4-5-MBS-107 Some infra structure work in Colomancagua village. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
183 MBOI-4-5-MBS-108 Another health poster-this on comparing a healthy child with an unhealthy child using key indicators both physical and emotional. Colomancagua, Honduars, ca. 1985. None
184 MBOI-4-5-MBS-109 FMLN training in El Salvador. None
185 MBOI-4-5-MBS-110 Road block. These were unusual in mission experience and this one did not result in any difficulties. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
186 MBOI-4-5-MBS-111 Joyce Dilling an American working as a teacher in Mesa Grande. In this image she is interviewing a recent arrival and her daughter. Joyce wrote an excellent book based on her experiences "In Search Of Refuge". Her stay in Mesa Grande was interrupted by illness and she was obliged to return home but reappeared as a peace worker in the Contra war in Nicaragua. Her book is more generally on the general refugee history with some emphasis on Mesa Grande. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
187 MBOI-4-5-MBS-112 This child is an example of the poor health services in Mesa Grande at least in its early stages. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
188 MBOI-4-5-MBS-113 FMLN Training None
189 MBOI-4-5-MBS-114 A woman carrying a basket on her head speaks to a man wearing a hat on a cobblestone street in front of a large brick building with a dome. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
190 MBOI-4-5-MBS-115 US military aircraft at Tegucigalpa airport . US military presence was quite visible particularly its airforce. Honduran journalists and other informants asserted that the aircraft were transporting arms into Honduras for use by the Contras fighting in Nicaragua. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
191 MBOI-4-5-MBS-116 A woman appears to be kneading bread on a stone outside surronded by a crowd of some 10 children. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
192 MBOI-4-5-MBS-117 FMLN in EL Salvador. None
193 MBOI-4-5-MBS-118 FMLN fighter, ca. 1985. None
194 MBOI-4-5-MBS-119 US military aircraft at US base in Palmero. Hondruas, ca. 1985 None
195 MBOI-4-5-MBS-120 Three boys playing outside with a ball. Hondruas, ca. 1985. None
196 MBOI-4-5-MBS-121 Weaving plastic thread for hammock production. Mesa Grande, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
197 MBOI-4-5-MBS-122 School with teacher and blackboard-a scarce commodity. La Virtud, Honduras, ca. 1985 None
198 MBOI-4-5-MBS-123 Gardens destroyed after forced relocation to Mesa Grande. La Vritud, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
199 MBOI-4-5-MBS-124 The local band. La Virtud, Honduras, ca. 1985 None
200 MBOI-4-5-MBS-125 Kitchen with the inevitable cabbage. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
201 MBOI-4-5-MBS-126 Hammock production. Mesa Grande, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
202 MBOI-4-5-MBS-127 Band playing for mission. La Vritud, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
203 MBOI-4-5-MBS-128 Band playing for mission. La Vritud, Honduras, ca. 198 None
204 MBOI-4-5-MBS-129 Recent refugee arrival telling her story. Mesa Grande, Honduras ca. 1985 None
205 MBOI-4-5-MBS-130 Water supply and laundry - and also bathing. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985 None
206 MBOI-4-5-MBS-131 Gardens -gardens were often raised excellent horticultural practice. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
207 MBOI-4-5-MBS-132 Destroyed gardens after relocation reminiscent of burned earth war strategy. This was a destruction of a great deal of hard labour and ingenuity on the part of the refugees as well as a learning experience in co-operative production which was not typical in either rural El Salvador or Honduras. La Virtud, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
208 MBOI-4-5-MBS-133 FLMN . None
209 MBOI-4-5-MBS-134 Happy cook. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
210 MBOI-4-5-MBS-135 Example of crowded tents both between tents and within. La Virtud, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
211 MBOI-4-5-MBS-136 Bath. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
212 MBOI-4-5-MBS-137 Dan Heap assisting at mass with delegates of the word. La Virtud, Honduras, ca. 1985 None
213 MBOI-4-5-MBS-138 Tortilla oven and cooking pan. La Virtud, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
214 MBOI-4-5-MBS-139 Laundry at a stream. La Virtud, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
215 MBOI-4-5-MBS-140 Jack Munro (6'5) towering over much shorter refugees. But this did not measure comparative strength. We were driving down a road in camp and came by a refuge carrying large tree. Jack and Meyer Brownstone offered to carry it but to our astonishment could not manage and the very small Salvadoran picked it up and proceed down the hill. A second example was Jack taking a picture within the camp and a small teen-age soldier stuck his rifle into Jack's stomach and told him to put it down or he would shoot-Jack did not understand Spanish and shouted : "put that ......thing down you little ......!" Meyer Brownstone quickly intervened and told Jack he was about be shot and pacified the soldier by explaining that Jack had not understood the rules. Brownstone then explained to jck that these boy soldiers were trained to shoot anyone who disobeyed orders. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985 None
216 MBOI-4-5-MBS-141 The beautiful gardens at La Virtud surrounded by clothes drying. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
217 MBOI-4-5-MBS-142 FLMN, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
218 MBOI-4-5-MBS-143 Laundry with the usual gender based division of labour with women doing the hardest work. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
219 MBOI-4-5-MBS-144 Three generations [of El Salvadorian women]. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
220 MBOI-4-5-MBS-145 Wounded witness. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
221 MBOI-4-5-MBS-146 Entranced Cockburn fans. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
222 MBOI-4-5-MBS-147 Katherine Pearson Oxfam Staff at hotel making notes on visit to Colomancagua. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
223 MBOI-4-5-MBS-148 [A hand drawn health poster depicting the unhealthy impact of flies] Honduras, ca. 1985. None
224 MBOI-4-5-MBS-149 Witness of attack and Jeff House. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
225 MBOI-4-5-MBS-150 Poster opposing relocation from Colomancagua. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
226 MBOI-4-5-MBS-151 More entranced fans [watching Bruce Cockburn]. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
227 MBOI-4-5-MBS-152 Sawing wood planks traditional method. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
228 MBOI-4-5-MBS-153 Mother of murdered priest now a refugee. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
229 MBOI-4-5-MBS-154 Posters- solidarity with internationals-no to repatriation-no we do not want to be surrounded by soldiers-we do not accept relocation. These illustrate some of the main issue in 1985 as well as welcoming international supportive visitors as the sole contact with the outside world and as advocates for their cause. Colomancagua, Honduras, 1985. None
230 MBOI-4-5-MBS-155 Band entertaining mission. La Virtud, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
231 MBOI-4-5-MBS-156 Greg Chisholm translating for mission which is interviewing a refugee hiding in Tegucigalpa. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
232 MBOI-4-5-MBS-157 Tiny family garden featuring corn-this is unusual since almost all gardens were communal. Note the proud "farmer". Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985 None
233 MBOI-4-5-MBS-158 Dehydration poster with symptoms- dry mouth, no tears, little or no urine. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
234 MBOI-4-5-MBS-159 Workshop painting souvenirs - usually scenes of Salvador but some of camp experience. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
235 MBOI-4-5-MBS-160 Burnishing [pottery]. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
236 MBOI-4-5-MBS-161 Proud horticulturalist- an example of expression of beauty in captivity and reaching beyond the dullness of the camp environment. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
237 MBOI-4-5-MBS-162 Obstetrical table-crude but functional. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
238 MBOI-4-5-MBS-163 Not sure but it appears to be some sort of training centre which is crowded-therefore the elaborate message asking for patience and discipline. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
239 MBOI-4-5-MBS-164 A gift to Brownstone which he has at his home. Colomancagua, Hondruas, ca. 1985. None
240 MBOI-4-5-MBS-165 Superb gardens illustrating great diversity in cropping. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
241 MBOI-4-5-MBS-166 Terraced gardens. La Virtud, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
242 MBOI-4-5-MBS-167 Colorful health poster promoting breast feeding. La Virtud, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
243 MBOI-4-5-MBS-168 Shoemaker and sandals one of the many crafts showing the self-sufficiency of the refugees using supplies provided by aid agencies. Colomancagua, Hondruas, ca. 1985. None
244 MBOI-4-5-MBS-169 Sewing with Singer foot treadle sewing machine which was the type used by my mother many years ago. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
245 MBOI-4-5-MBS-170 [A man sits outside on top of a sawing platform made from logs] Hondruas, ca. 1985. None
246 MBOI-4-5-MBS-171 From left Cockburn, Brownstone, Barratt, House. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
247 MBOI-4-5-MBS-172 A witness. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
248 MBOI-4-5-MBS-173 Example of hand built pottery-instead of wheel built. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
249 MBOI-4-5-MBS-174 Ingenious toy plane. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
250 MBOI-4-5-MBS-175 Tinsmith, another valuable trade. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
251 MBOI-4-5-MBS-176 Wounded witness. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
252 MBOI-4-5-MBS-177 Pottery. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
253 MBOI-4-5-MBS-178 Young artist. Mesa Grande, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
254 MBOI-4-5-MBS-179 Sawing planks on frame with one man on top and one on the ground with a buck saw between them. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
255 MBOI-4-5-MBS-180 Wounded witness. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
256 MBOI-4-5-MBS-181 Wounded witness. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
257 MBOI-4-5-MBS-182 School with teacher. La Virtud, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
258 MBOI-4-5-MBS-183 Bake oven. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
259 MBOI-4-5-MBS-184 [A photo (blue, overexposed) of clay pots on the dirt ground] Honduras, ca. 1985. None
260 MBOI-4-5-MBS-185 Wounded witness. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
261 MBOI-4-5-MBS-186 Aerial view showing Mesa (table) shape clearly. Mesa Grande, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
262 MBOI-4-5-MBS-187 Violinist. La Virtud, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
263 MBOI-4-5-MBS-188 Making a bed. Mesa Grande, Honduras, ca. 1985 None
264 MBOI-4-5-MBS-189 A young boy with bullet holes on each side showing that the army shot indiscriminately at the refugee homes. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
265 MBOI-4-5-MBS-190 Aerial view. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985 None
266 MBOI-4-5-MBS-191 [A picture of three boys (overexposed?)] Honduras, ca. 1985 None
267 MBOI-4-5-MBS-192 Toy. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985 None
268 MBOI-4-5-MBS-193 Dan Heap and Greg Chisholm at mass. La Virtud, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
269 MBOI-4-5-MBS-194 Landscape of a ridge and tress] Honduras, ca. 1985. None
270 MBOI-4-5-MBS-195 Spinning nylon thread for hammocks and beds. The technique is traditional. Mesa Grande, Honduras, ca. 1985 None
271 MBOI-4-5-MBS-196 [Aerial view of forest and hills. Photo is over-exposed and hardly visible] Honduras, ca. 1985. None
272 MBOI-4-5-MBS-197 Laundry and bath. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
273 MBOI-4-5-MBS-198 The "gang". La Virtud, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
274 MBOI-4-5-MBS-199 Spinning. Mesa Grande, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
275 MBOI-4-5-MBS-200 Martin Barber and refugees. Mesa Grande, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
276 MBOI-4-5-MBS-201 A street with wooden residences. The wooden residences were built by the refugees after a number of years in tents. Although still crowded they were an improvement. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
277 MBOI-4-5-MBS-202 At mass conducted by Greg Chisholm (Catholic priest) and Dan Heap(Anglican priest). Note the tall bearded young man. He was a Honduran working in the camp in support of the refugees. Later Brownstone learned that he had been seized by the army incarcerated and tortured. In a subsequent visit Brownstone met him clandestinely in Tegucigalpa and was told about his terrible experiences during his incarceration. (He was released on the appeal of a bishop). Brownstone asked to see his wounds as verification. However he had clearly recovered physically but the light had clearly gone from his eyes displaying severe trauma. As Chair of of Oxfam Brownstone gave him a special grant and pleaded with him to go to Costa Rica for medical care and personal recovery-since living in Honduras in hiding and constant fear was not a viable option. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
278 MBOI-4-5-MBS-203 [A very dark photo, the subject of which may be a someone playing a guitar] Honduras, ca. 1985. None
279 MBOI-4-5-MBS-204 [A hillside with grazing cattle and shelters] Honduras, ca. 1985. None
280 MBOI-4-5-MBS-441 ANC volunteers in support of SWAPO celebrating after the vote. None
281 MBOI-4-5-MBS-442 ANC volunteers in support of SWAPO celebrating after the vote. None
282 MBOI-4-5-MBS-443 ANC volunteers in support of SWAPO celebrating after the vote. None
283 MBOI-4-5-MBS-444 Poster NNf Party. None
284 MBOI-4-5-MBS-445 David Gallagher and Paul Weinberg, South African photographer who worked for the ANC e.g. at the Madela vote. None
285 MBOI-4-5-MBS-446 At lunch in Windhoek left centre David Vickers right centre Gerald Caplan. None
286 MBOI-4-5-MBS-447 Geral Caplan None
287 MBOI-4-5-MBS-448 Mission house in Windhoek None
288 MBOI-4-6-MBP-001 Susan Johnson Oxfam staff and her child; None
289 MBOI-4-6-MBP-002 Katherine Pearson National Oxfam staff visiting Nicaragua None
290 MBOI-4-6-MBP-003 Child of Susan Johnson and Marc Allaine None
291 MBOI-4-6-MBP-004 Marc Allain Oxfam staff None
292 MBOI-4-6-MBP-005 Two unidentified men sitting on a bench. None
293 MBOI-4-6-MBP-006 Oxfam fisheries project in the village of El Estillera, Nicaragua. Newfoundland fisher volunteers were helping to modernize the fishery and support the fishery co-op. None
294 MBOI-4-6-MBP-007 Cattle drive in Nicaragua None
295 MBOI-4-6-MBP-008 An unidentified man on horseback. Nicaragua None
296 MBOI-4-6-MBP-009 A cattle drive, Nicaragua. None
297 MBOI-4-6-MBP-010 A bus heading to San Jose. Managua, Nicaragua. None
298 MBOI-4-6-MBP-011 Inside a house at El Estillera. The seated person is a Nicaraguan Oxfam staff person who later became head of the national fishers co-op. None
299 MBOI-4-6-MBP-012 Susan Johnson in discussion with unknown individuals None
300 MBOI-4-6-MBP-013 Unidentified man with a hat None
301 MBOI-4-6-MBP-014 Susan Johnson in conversation with a coffee worker None
302 MBOI-4-6-MBP-015 Susan Johnson in conversation with a coffee worker None
303 MBOI-4-6-MBP-016 Nicaraguan coffee workers. None
304 MBOI-4-6-MBP-017 Nicaraguan coffee workers. None
305 MBOI-4-6-MBP-018 Images of Nicaraguan coffee workers bagging coffee for later processing. None
306 MBOI-4-6-MBP-019 Images of Nicaraguan coffee workers bagging coffee for later processing None
307 MBOI-4-6-MBP-020 Images of Nicaraguan coffee workers bagging coffee for later processing None
308 MBOI-4-6-MBP-021 Images of Nicaraguan coffee workers bagging coffee for later processing. None
309 MBOI-4-6-MBP-022 Images of Nicaraguan coffee workers bagging coffee for later processing. None
310 MBOI-4-6-MBP-023 Images of Katherine Pearson and Susan Johnson with coffee workers. Note the family units at work and in one image record keeping by one individual. None
311 MBOI-4-6-MBP-024 Meyer Brownstone with another man sitting at a table with beer. Honduras, 1985 mission to the Colomancagua refugee camp . None
312 MBOI-4-6-MBP-025 Bruce Cockburn. Honduras, 1985 mission to the Colomancagua refugee camp None
313 MBOI-4-6-MBP-026 Bruce Cockburn and and Jeff House and our Honduran driver. 1985 mission to the Colomancagua refugee camp None
314 MBOI-4-6-MBP-027 Children pushing a wheelbarrow on a dirt road. Colomancagua, Honduras, 1985. None
315 MBOI-4-6-MBP-028 A stone building. Colomancagua, Honduras, 1985 None
316 MBOI-4-6-MBP-029 Colomoncagua camp hospital built by the refugees. Colomancagua, Honduras, 1985 None
317 MBOI-4-6-MBP-030 Young girls inside of a shelter. Colomancagua, Honduras, 1985 None
318 MBOI-4-6-MBP-031 An older woman giving testimony. Colomancagua, Honduras, 1985 None
319 MBOI-4-6-MBP-032 A young girl eating. Colomancagua, Honduras, 1985 None
320 MBOI-4-6-MBP-033 A young woman. Colomancagua, Honduras, 1985 None
321 MBOI-4-6-MBP-034 A young woman. Colomancagua, Honduras, 1985 None
322 MBOI-4-6-MBP-035 A young woman. Colomancagua, Honduras, 1985 None
323 MBOI-4-6-MBP-036 An old woman. Colomancagua, Honduras, 1985 None
324 MBOI-4-6-MBP-037 A middle-aged woman. Colomancagua, Honduras, 1985 None
325 MBOI-4-6-MBP-038 A middle-aged woman. Colomancagua, Honduras, 1985 None
326 MBOI-4-6-MBP-039 Two younger girls making pottery - burnishing pots. Colomancagua, Honduras, 1985 None
327 MBOI-4-6-MBP-040 Bruce Cockburn giving an autograph. . None
328 MBOI-4-6-MBP-041 More burnishing. In the pottery there was work for all ages groups wwith some doing basic work such as burnishing and those with more training doing part of the construction process. Colomancagua, Honduras, 1985 None
329 MBOI-4-6-MBP-042 Bruce Cockburn performing at the Colomancagua refugee camp. Honduras, 1985. None
330 MBOI-4-6-MBP-043 Bruce Cockburn performing at the Colomancagua refugee camp. Honduras, 1985 None
331 MBOI-4-6-MBP-044 Bruce Cockburn performing at the Colomancagua refugee camp. Honduras, 1985 None
332 MBOI-4-6-MBP-045 From left Cockburn, Brownstone, Barratt, House. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
333 MBOI-4-6-MBP-046 A refugee woman recording her story with Bruce Cockburn. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
334 MBOI-4-6-MBP-047 Bruce Cockburn performing with the camp band. Colomancagua, Honduras, 1985. None
335 MBOI-4-6-MBP-048 Bruce Cockburn performing with the camp band. Colomancagua, Honduras, ca. 1985. None
336 MBOI-4-6-MBP-049 Bruce Cockburn and an unidentified man smoking. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
337 MBOI-4-6-MBP-050 Camp Musicians. Colomancagua , Honduras, ca. 1985. None
338 MBOI-4-6-MBP-051 An unidentified woman inside of a bar. Likely Honduras, ca. 1985. None
339 MBOI-4-6-MBP-052 Meyer Brownstone leaning on a truck. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
340 MBOI-4-6-MBP-053 Streetscape, likely Honduras, ca. 1985. None
341 MBOI-4-6-MBP-054 Three Adults on a balcony. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
342 MBOI-4-6-MBP-055 Four children sitting on a bench. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
343 MBOI-4-6-MBP-056 Two bulldozers clearing topsoil, building a military road. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
344 MBOI-4-6-MBP-057 A child in front of a group of people. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
345 MBOI-4-6-MBP-058 A woman in front of a wooden plank wall. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
346 MBOI-4-6-MBP-059 Three girls in a temporary shelter. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
347 MBOI-4-6-MBP-060 Five boys sitting on a bench in a temporary shelter at a refugee camp. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
348 MBOI-4-6-MBP-061 Camp musicians. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
349 MBOI-4-6-MBP-062 Four children standing by a wall. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
350 MBOI-4-6-MBP-063 A group of men sitting inside of a shelter. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
351 MBOI-4-6-MBP-064 A group of children gathered outside of a shelter. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
352 MBOI-4-6-MBP-065 Men inside of a shelter. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
353 MBOI-4-6-MBP-066 Men, women, and children gathered outside perhaps at a market selling produce. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
354 MBOI-4-6-MBP-067 Two unidentified men drinking beer. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
355 MBOI-4-6-MBP-068 Two children in a hammock. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
356 MBOI-4-6-MBP-069 Two children in a hammock. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
357 MBOI-4-6-MBP-070 An unidentified woman sitting outside. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
358 MBOI-4-6-MBP-071 A streetside market displaying produce. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
359 MBOI-4-6-MBP-072 An unidentified man sitting outside. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
360 MBOI-4-6-MBP-073 Bruce Cockburn and an unidentified man waiting at an airport. None
361 MBOI-4-6-MBP-074 Bruce Cockburn on an airplane. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
362 MBOI-4-6-MBP-075 Bruce cockburn with an unidentified man. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
363 MBOI-4-6-MBP-076 A break from driving by the side of the road. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
364 MBOI-4-6-MBP-077 Two unidentified men drinking beer. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
365 MBOI-4-6-MBP-078 Preparations for an outdoor market. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
366 MBOI-4-6-MBP-079 A streetscape. Honduras, ca 1985. None
367 MBOI-4-6-MBP-080 Three chickens by a wall. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
368 MBOI-4-6-MBP-081 Bruce Cockburn writing in a book at a bar of restaurant. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
369 MBOI-4-6-MBP-082 A Chevrolet truck in front of Kikes Dry Cleaning. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
370 MBOI-4-6-MBP-083 An unidentified man leaning on a truck. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
371 MBOI-4-6-MBP-084 Cafeteria la Amistad. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
372 MBOI-4-6-MBP-085 Fixing a flat tire on a land cruiser. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
373 MBOI-4-6-MBP-086 Cars and trucks in the street. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
374 MBOI-4-6-MBP-088 A child in the street. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
375 MBOI-4-6-MBP-089 Bruce Cockburn and companions in the street. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
376 MBOI-4-6-MBP-090 Bruce Cockburn and companions walking through the street. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
377 MBOI-4-6-MBP-091 A security checkpoint along the road. Honduras, ca. 1982. None
378 MBOI-4-6-MBP-092 A security checkpoint along the road. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
379 MBOI-4-6-MBP-093 A road sign warning of danger (peligro) ahead on the road. Honduras, ca. 1982. None
380 MBOI-4-6-MBP-094 Bruce Cockburn and companions sitting around a table with beer. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
381 MBOI-4-6-MBP-095 A kindergarten (Jardin de ninos) in Colomancagua. Honduras, ca. 19 None
382 MBOI-4-6-MBP-096 Camp musicians. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
383 MBOI-4-6-MBP-097 Men, women and children by the side of a road. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
384 MBOI-4-6-MBP-098 Two young girls sitting in front of a shelter. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
385 MBOI-4-6-MBP-099 Children by the side of the road, possibly selling produce. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
386 MBOI-4-6-MBP-100 A pickup truck with six men sitting in the bed. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
387 MBOI-4-6-MBP-101 Women and men sitting at a long bench inside of a shelter. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
388 MBOI-4-6-MBP-102 Camp musicians. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
389 MBOI-4-6-MBP-103 Two young girls in a hammock. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
390 MBOI-4-6-MBP-104 Men women and children gathered outside of a shelter. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
391 MBOI-4-6-MBP-105 Camp musicians performing for children. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
392 MBOI-4-6-MBP-106 Three old shirtless men. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
393 MBOI-4-6-MBP-107 Three old shirtless men. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
394 MBOI-4-6-MBP-108 Three unidentified men at a restaurant. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
395 MBOI-4-6-MBP-109 A man and a boy standing in a doorway. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
396 MBOI-4-6-MBP-110 A tour of a refugee camp. Honduras, ca. 1985 None
397 MBOI-4-6-MBP-111 Three shirtless old men. Honduras, ca. 1985. None
398 MBOI-4-6-MBP-112 A group of some ten people sitting around a table at a restaurant. Mission For Peace in El Salvador (1986-87). I cannot recall the name of one of the members. She was from Quebec. The others were Meyer Brownstone Head of mission, General Leonard Johnson (retired), Dr. John Savage, mayor of Dartmouth Nova Scotia and later Premier of Nova Scotia, and Nancy Thede an anthropologist from McGill who also served as an interpreter for the member whose name I have forgotten but who was either a trade unionist or a human rights activist. Her name can be found in the file b3 f 5 I believe which contains a report of the mission. This mission is a good example of Oxfam`s advocacy process and in this case engaging parliamentarians who provided excellent and credible reports to parliament and the press on their return to Canada. ( as well as offering to address public meetings organized by Oxfam. None
399 MBOI-4-6-MBp-113 Three unidentified people speaking on a porch or in a room with large windows. Mission For Peace in El Salvador (1986-87). None
400 MBOI-4-6-MBP-114 Mission For Peace in El Salvador (1986-87). An unidentified woman sitting at a restaurant. None
401 MBOI-4-6-MBP-115 Three unidentified men sitting at a table in a restaurant. Likely El Salvador, ca. 1986 None
402 MBOI-4-6-MBP-116 Three unidentified women standing in a large old house with large windows. Likely El Salvador, ca. 1986 None
403 MBOI-4-6-MBP-117 Three unidentified adults standing outside by a large church portal. Likely El Salvador, ca. 1986 None
404 MBOI-4-6-MBP-118 A man and a woman by a door, possibly in a hotel. Likely El Salvador, ca. 1986 None
405 MBOI-4-6-MBP-119 A cellar or room with stack of sacks and plastic bags. Likely El Salvador, ca. 1986 None
406 MBOI-4-6-MBP-120 An aerial view of mountainous terrain. Likely El Salvador, ca. 1986 None
407 MBOI-4-6-MBP-121 Women washing clothing in basins by a river under a bridge. Likely El Salvador, ca. 1986 None
408 MBOI-4-6-MBP-122 Three young men on a bridge overlooking a river. Likely El Salvador, ca. 1986. None
409 MBOI-4-6-MBP-123 A large mountain, probably a volcano. Likely El Salvador, ca. 1986 None
410 MBOI-4-6-MBP-124 Women washing clothing in basins by a river under a bridge. Likely El Salvador, ca. 1986. None
411 MBOI-4-6-MBP-125 Basilica of Our Lady of Guadeloupe, San Salvador. El Salvador, ca. 1986. None
412 MBOI-4-6-MBP-126 A man sitting by a low table with some documents. Likely El Salvador, ca. 1986. None
413 MBOI-4-6-MBP-127 A narrow bridge over a river. Likely El Salvador, ca. 1986 None
414 MBOI-4-6-MBP-128 Students line up in front of a building, while three women in uniform walk across the street. Likely El Salvador, ca. 1986. None
415 MBOI-4-6-MBP-129 Women and girls carry containers down an earthen bank to a river. Likely El Salvador, ca. 1986 None
416 MBOI-4-6-MBP-130 A landscape viewed from a hillside, including banana trees and mountains. Likely El Salvador, ca. 1986. None
417 MBOI-4-6-MBP-131 Two men sitting under a tree. Likely El Salvador, ca. 1986 None
418 MBOI-4-6-MBP-132 Four men in a hallway. El Salvador, ca. 1986 None
419 MBOI-4-6-MBP-133 "In the face of the terrorist destruction all Salvadorans are unified in order to reconstruct." Poster. El Salvador, ca. 1986. None
420 MBOI-4-6-MBP-134 An unidentified man sitting in what seems to be a waiting room. El Salvador, 1986. None
421 MBOI-4-6-MBP-135 An unidentified man sitting in a chair beneath a poster which calls Salvadorans to reconstruct after the destruction of the war. El Salvador, ca. 1986 None
422 MBOI-4-6-MBP-136 A man motioning at documents on a table, possibly demonstrating how to vote in an upcoming election. El Salvador, ca. 1986 None
423 MBOI-4-6-MBP-137 A man motioning at documents on a table, possibly demonstrating how to vote in an upcoming election. El Salvador, ca. 1986 None
424 MBOI-4-6-MBP-138 A heavily guarded gate off of a street. El Salvador, ca. 1986 None
425 MBOI-4-6-MBP-139 A destroyed three story apartment building. El Salvador, ca. 1986. None
426 MBOI-4-6-MBP-140 A tropical landscape, including distant mountains. El Salvador, ca. 1986. None
427 MBOI-4-6-MBP-141 A streetscape. El Salvador, ca. 1986. None
428 MBOI-4-6-MBP-142 Two men working with shovels in the street in front of a destroyed building. El Salvador, ca. 1986 None
429 MBOI-4-6-MBP-143 A busy street market. El Salvador, ca. 1986 None
430 MBOI-4-6-MBP-144 A poster depicting the characteristics of a "popular educator". El Salvador, ca. 1986 None
431 MBOI-4-6-MBP-145 Construction workers examining a concrete structure. El Salvador ca. 1986 None
432 MBOI-4-6-MBP-146 A polling station for elections, "Consejo Central de Elecciones". El Salvador, ca. 1986. None
433 MBOI-4-6-MBP-147 A leaning apartment building, likely the victim of an armed attack. El Salvador, a. 1986. None
434 MBOI-4-6-MBP-148 A destroyed apartment building. El Salvador, ca. 1986. None
435 MBOI-4-6-MBP-149 A streetscape. El Salvador, ca. 1986 None
436 MBOI-4-6-MBP-150 A group of people beside the street. El Salvador None
437 MBOI-4-6-MBP-151 A street market. El Salvador, ca. 1986 None
438 MBOI-4-6-MBP-152 Two nuns cross the street. El Salvador, ca. 1986. None
439 MBOI-4-6-MBP-153 A man climbs a dilapidated building. El Salvador, ca. 1986. None
440 MBOI-4-6-MBP-154 An unidentified woman with a camera. El Salvador, ca. 1986. None
441 MBOI-4-6-MBP-155 An unidentified woman beside a wall map of El Salvador. El Salvador, ca. 1986. None
442 MBOI-4-6-MBP-156 The inside of a church, including a large crucifix. El Salvador, ca. 1986. None
443 MBOI-4-6-MBP-157 Two unidentified men. El Salvador, ca. 1986 None
444 MBOI-4-6-MBP-158 A woman holding a baby in the courtyard of a house. El Salvador, ca. 1986. None
445 MBOI-4-6-MBP-159 Two unidentified women. El Salvador, ca. 1986. None
446 MBOI-4-6-MBP-160 Six unidentified adults around a dinner table. El Salvador, ca. 1986. None
447 MBOI-4-6-MBP-161 An unidentified group of men and women. El Salvador, ca. 1986. None
448 MBOI-4-7-MBP-218 Canadian RCMP- part of the UN mission responsibilities was to assure security for the electoral process and peaceful withdrawal of South African troops from Namibia and from their engagement in the civil war in Angola. Thus, the UN brought in soldiers, police, electoral experts and others to manage its various tasks. In general the retreat was without incident or as remarked by a Canadian solider: "boring". To keep busy a group of Canadian soldiers organized a mechanics workshop for Namibians. None
449 MBOI-4-7-MBP-219 UN official at voting. UN official- with an armband is supervising the South African official who is administering the process. None
450 MBOI-4-7-MBP-220 UN and South African officials at voting: sharing a voters list. None
451 MBOI-4-7-MBP-221 UN soldiers on guard at the Windhoek airport. None
452 MBOI-4-7-MBP-222 UN officials, UN armoured vehicle in the background. The UN was very well equipped given the impressive military hardware of South Africa in the region and in bordering Angola. None
453 MBOI-4-7-MBP-224 UN contracted heavy air transport. None
454 MBOI-4-7-MBP-225 Heavily protect UN compound. None
455 MBOI-4-7-MBP-226 UN and South African official at voting- ballot boxes were redundant Canadian metal ballot boxes contributed by Canada. None
456 MBOI-4-7-MBP-227 UN conducting count in Windhoek of tendered ballots from all polls. None
457 MBOI-4-7-MBP-228 Ballot boxes (Canadian) arranged by polling stations awaiting count. None
458 MBOI-4-7-MBP-229 Polling station UN and South African "counterpart." None
459 MBOI-4-7-MBP-230 Muriel Smith, a former NDP cabinet minister from Manitoba working as a UN electoral official Rundu- Northern Namibia. None
460 MBOI-4-7-MBP-231 Sam Nujoma, leader of SWAPO and first head of government at independence. None
461 MBOI-4-7-MBP-232 Victory celebration (SWAPO) main street downtown Windhoek. None
462 MBOI-4-7-MBP-233 Vote results being announced- Windhoek None
463 MBOI-4-7-MBP-234 Contrasts celebrations on the streets by blacks and somewhat subdued whites watching from above. None
464 MBOI-4-7-MBP-235 Every truck loaded. None
465 MBOI-4-7-MBP-236 Women were an important force in the campaign and the election and the celebrations. None
466 MBOI-4-7-MBP-237 Clenched black fists below. Serious white silence above. None
467 MBOI-4-7-MBP-238 Young mother with SWAPO flag and child celebrate. None
468 MBOI-4-7-MBP-239 Dancing and running. None
469 MBOI-4-7-MBP-240 Unoccupied police- there was little if any violence in the celebrations. e None
470 MBOI-4-7-MBP-241 Meyer Brownstone and Clyde Sanger (Ottawa journalist and Africa specialist) in mission house. None
471 MBOI-4-7-MBP-242 Mission aircraft about to embark on a tour of polling stations in the North and Eat. None
472 MBOI-4-7-MBP-243 Mission inspecting polling station. None
473 MBOI-4-7-MBP-244 Japanese observer/photographer. There were three from Japan (Japan Committee for a Free Namibia) They "joined" the Oxfam group. None
474 MBOI-4-7-MBP-245 Ben Amathila, SWAPO Secretary for Economics being interviewed by mission in Swakopmund. None
475 MBOI-4-7-MBP-246 Don Dunstan, chair of Community Aid Abroad (Oxfam Australia)- a state premier in Australia, writer and diarist who wrote in his diary every morning. He was the sole other Oxfam representative other than Canada in a failed attempt to engage all the national Oxfams in observing. He became an informal member of the Canadian mission. None
476 MBOI-4-7-MBP-247 Left Iona Campagnola- a former Liberal Cabinet Minister, right Johanna Ooisterveld, Oxfam Canada National Board and three Namibian political and NGO leaders. Many project possibilities were discussed as part of the mission's work. (Oxfam Canada already had a number of projects in the country) None
477 MBOI-4-7-MBP-248 Brownstone on the great sand dunes near Walvis Bay, itself a lingering point of dispute between South Africa and Namibia. None
478 MBOI-4-7-MBP-249 Memorializing the Portuguese "discovery" of Namibia by Vasco Da Gama. None
479 MBOI-4-7-MBP-250 Etosha hotel in the game park where the mission had a brief rest. None
480 MBOI-4-7-MBP-251 Flora Macdonald arriving at the Etosha Hotel. None
481 MBOI-4-7-MBP-252 Brownstone and Paul Puritt (Canadian Labour Congress and former Oxfam staff) inside Angola- illegally but photographed by a border guard! None
482 MBOI-4-7-MBP-253 Shirley Carr Head of Canadian Labour Congress and Meyer Brownstone meeting Lutheran Bishop Dumeni in the North of Namibia. He was supportive of Namibian independence and an excellent source of historical and current information. He was also a leading member of the Council of Churches of Namibia which was the Namibian host of the Canadian mission. None
483 MBOI-4-7-MBP-254 SWAPO with a number of candidates. None
484 MBOI-4-7-MBP-255 SWAPO rally in Damaraland- the speaker is Theo-Ben Guribab, SWAPO Secretary for Foreign Affairs. None
485 MBOI-4-7-MBP-256 SWAPO regional headquarters. Judging from their facilities SWAPO seemed well funded and certainly received help from the ANC. However, its main rival, DTA, was far better funded and had access to intimidating South African police and military. None
486 MBOI-4-7-MBP-257 Entertainment at the rally. None
487 MBOI-4-7-MBP-258 An elegant politician- probably security staff. None
488 MBOI-4-7-MBP-259 Portrait of an artist, a glimpse of Namibian culture. An artist in his studio. None
489 MBOI-4-7-MBP-260 The wonderful work of a Namibian artist. None
490 MBOI-4-7-MBP-261 Another fine piece of Namibian artwork. None
491 MBOI-4-7-MBP-262 Another fine piece of Namibian artwork. None
492 MBOI-4-7-MBP-263 Two more pieces of artwork. All of these superb pieces evoke the agony of the victims of apartheid and brutal racism. This artist had the same impact on Brownstone as the works of Picasso (Guernica) and Goya None
493 MBOI-4-7-MBP-264 A different form of artistry, this time function- beautiful and creatively displayed. None
494 MBOI-4-7-MBP-265 Waiting patiently to vote for the first time in their lives. None
495 MBOI-4-7-MBP-266 Long, long lines in a large polling station with only two polls. None
496 MBOI-4-7-MBP-267 Being driven to the polls. None
497 MBOI-4-7-MBP-268 DTA supporters in the north, None
498 MBOI-4-7-MBP-269 Tribal women in the Norm (Name?)- a very novel experience. None
499 MBOI-4-7-MBP-270 Tribal women who kept very close to each other in a very strange environment. None
500 MBOI-4-7-MBP-271 Assisting challenged and determined women. None
501 MBOI-4-7-MBP-272 Close up of tribal women. None
502 MBOI-4-7-MBP-273 Close up of tribal women. None
503 MBOI-4-7-MBP-274 SWAPO regional office in the North West None
504 MBOI-4-7-MBP-275 Long line of voters waiting for hours in 45 degree Celsius temperatures. None
505 MBOI-4-7-MBP-276 Typical of the determination of Namibians to vote. A poll in the Norh. For the mission these were very moving moments. None
506 MBOI-4-7-MBP-277 Challenged women being assisted by an election official. None
507 MBOI-4-7-MBP-278 Herero women and child. None
508 MBOI-4-7-MBP-279 Katutura township, a Windhoek "suburb" None
509 MBOI-4-7-MBP-280 Katutura- a closer view of the housing- tiny individual quarters. None
510 MBOI-4-7-MBP-281 Swakopmund- a very German coastal town and resort. None
511 MBOI-4-7-MBP-282 Store fronts in Swakopmund. None
512 MBOI-4-7-MBP-283 The road from Katatura Township and the mission house to downtown Windhoek- a road travelled every day by black service labour from Katatura. None
513 MBOI-4-7-MBP-284 A small oasis near Walvis Bay. None
514 MBOI-4-7-MBP-285 A hotel in Swakopmund. None
515 MBOI-4-7-MBP-286 The beach at Swakopmund. None
516 MBOI-4-7-MBP-287 The great sand dunes near Walvis Bay. None
517 MBOI-4-7-MBP-288 More dunes. None
518 MBOI-4-7-MBP-289 Dunes and desert. None
519 MBOI-4-7-MBP-290 Meyer Brownstone with mission interviewing Sam Nujoma- Head of SWAPO. None
520 MBOI-4-7-MBP-291 Toivo Y toivo one of SWAPO's major figures. None
521 MBOI-4-7-MBP-292 Exuberant young people celebrating. None
522 MBOI-4-7-MBP-293 Japan delegate and Brownstone together with a UN staff person. None
523 MBOI-4-7-MBP-294 Japan delegate and Brownstone. None
524 MBOI-4-7-MBP-295 Brownstone and Dr. Libertine Amathila SWAPO Health Secretary. None
525 MBOI-4-8-MBS-343 Untitled None
526 MBOI-4-8-MBS-344 UN secretary general Javier Perez de Cueller with heavy security. He was able to witness at least one stage of one of the most successful UN operations on record. None
527 MBOI-4-8-MBS-345 UN electoral security staff. None
528 MBOI-4-8-MBS-346 As indicated by this armoured vehicle the UN was well equipped for potential (and some actual) violence. None
529 MBOI-4-8-MBS-347 On patrol. None
530 MBOI-4-8-MBS-348 Equipment in Windhoek awaiting dispersal particularly to trouble spots in the North. None
531 MBOI-4-8-MBS-349 Aircraft used for security patrols and to transport staff and equipment. None
532 MBOI-4-8-MBS-350 Matti Ahtisshari- the UN special representative (of the UN secretary-General), later to become the President of Finland. He was a superb head of the UN mission and very welcoming and open with the Canadian mission. In this slide he is speaking with MS Kinnock whose husband was head of the British Labour Party and she was a member of the European Parliament. Meyer Brownstone met with her at the Windhoek airport. None
533 MBOI-4-8-MBS-351 See MBS-349. None
534 MBOI-4-8-MBS-352 On patrol None
535 MBOI-4-8-MBS-353 Armoured vehicles. The mission received many reports of ongoing violence and intimidation during this period largely by Koevoet, the South African security police. None
536 MBOI-4-8-MBS-354 UN police. None
537 MBOI-4-8-MBS-355 Centre-Louis Piennar, the South African Administre General (A.G.) and Ahtisshari;s "counterpart". He was in fact in total control of what was the South West Africa colony of South Africa. An extremely disciplined and organized bureaucrat/politician ideal for an authoritarian regime. But given UN motion 435 he carried out UN requirements very well. Brownstone's last sight of Mr. Piennar was in the South African Parliament where he sat at the end of the front benches of the then ruling National Party, stripped of his powers and looking somewhat out of place in a parliamentary setting. None
538 MBOI-4-8-MBS-356 Electoral education- graphic material essential as a popular vehicle given significant illiteracy. None
539 MBOI-4-8-MBS-357 D.T.A. (Democratic Trunhalle Alliance party) media centre. This was the main opposition to SWAPO and heavily supported by the white population and from South Africa. None
540 MBOI-4-8-MBS-358 Farmstead and garden in the North- indigenous farms were typically small. Mixed, labour intensive, and productive. None
541 MBOI-4-8-MBS-359 Rural transport. None
542 MBOI-4-8-MBS-360 Destroyed health clinic- note the very limited hours when it was operating. None
543 MBOI-4-8-MBS-361 UN road block in the North with barricaded tent. None
544 MBOI-4-8-MBS-362 Typical small hills rising out of flat plains. None
545 MBOI-4-8-MBS-363 Farmstead with protective natural fence against animals surrounded by garden. None
546 MBOI-4-8-MBS-364 Katatura Township- a Windhoek apartheid suburb as in South Africa. None
547 MBOI-4-8-MBS-365 A safe-sex poster. None
548 MBOI-4-8-MBS-366 Give the land back to the people- Namibia National Front party one of the prominent of many parties although only ten contested the election. None
549 MBOI-4-8-MBS-367 Brick factory- an Oxfam supported project. None
550 MBOI-4-8-MBS-368 Millet harvest. None
551 MBOI-4-8-MBS-369 A superb young potter at work in Windhoek- studio supported by Oxfam. None
552 MBOI-4-8-MBS-370 Winhoek potter. None
553 MBOI-4-8-MBS-371 Handicraft market. None
554 MBOI-4-8-MBS-372 Kindergarten project supported by Oxfam None
555 MBOI-4-8-MBS-373 Namib Hills None
556 MBOI-4-8-MBS-374 Lutheran Church- the German heritage. None
557 MBOI-4-8-MBS-375 Windhoek Airport. None
558 MBOI-4-8-MBS-376 Sam Cohen Library- Swakopmund. Just across the street from a shop selling Nazi souvenirs- what an irony but another heritage of a more recent vintage. None
559 MBOI-4-8-MBS-377 Roadblock (see MBS-361) None
560 MBOI-4-8-MBS-378 Kids with homemade toys None
561 MBOI-4-8-MBS-379 SWAPO rally at Usakos. Man in leather cap i Theo Ben Gurebab then SWAPO Secretary for Foreign Affairs (i.e. the future Minister) None
562 MBOI-4-8-MBS-380 SWAPO rally (see previous slide) None
563 MBOI-4-8-MBS-381 Dancers at the rally. None
564 MBOI-4-8-MBS-382 Close up of dancers None
565 MBOI-4-8-MBS-383 Part of the large crowd. None
566 MBOI-4-8-MBS-384 Solidarity! None
567 MBOI-4-8-MBS-385 Gurebab at his forceful best! None
568 MBOI-4-8-MBS-386 SWAPO local office at Usakos. None
569 MBOI-4-8-MBS-387 Rally with crowd joining dancers. None
570 MBOI-4-8-MBS-388 Paul Puritt, mission member observing proceedings. None
571 MBOI-4-8-MBS-389 Township housing with fuel. None
572 MBOI-4-8-MBS-390 Meat drying traditional preserving method (no freezers or fridges) None
573 MBOI-4-8-MBS-391 "Men (sic) of the people." None
574 MBOI-4-8-MBS-392 Poster: No Koevoet (South African police), No Casspirs (South African intimidating armoured vehicle), No Apartheid. None
575 MBOI-4-8-MBS-393 Poster: Koevoet Out! Casspirs Out! Breyer, Visser, Peinaar (South African administrators) Out! None
576 MBOI-4-8-MBS-394 Poster: People's Demand is God's Will, Remove Koevoet from Police, from Justice and Peace! None
577 MBOI-4-8-MBS-395 Women were very active in the SWAPO campaign. None
578 MBOI-4-8-MBS-396 Returnees camp- reminiscent of Honduras but with far better facilities and freedom of movement. None
579 MBOI-4-8-MBS-397 Returnees camp (see previous slide) None
580 MBOI-4-8-MBS-398 Kids in camp most born in exile. None
581 MBOI-4-8-MBS-400 As usual children managed to keep happy despite impermanence of residence. None
582 MBOI-4-8-MBS-401 Orderly array of washrooms with attention paid to sanitary requirements. None
583 MBOI-4-8-MBS-402 Children at play. None
584 MBOI-4-8-MBS-403 Male washrooms. None
585 MBOI-4-8-MBS-404 Washing None
586 MBOI-4-8-MBS-405 Football field in background- part of camp facilities. None
587 MBOI-4-8-MBS-407 New arrivals and luggage. None
588 MBOI-4-8-MBS-408 "Welcome back home" None
589 MBOI-4-8-MBS-409 General view of camp and housing None
590 MBOI-4-8-MBS-410 Pots and cans- cooking and storage vesels. None
591 MBOI-4-8-MBS-411 Coming home. None
592 MBOI-4-8-MBS-412 Housing. None
593 MBOI-4-8-MBS-414 Grandmother and children. None
594 MBOI-4-8-MBS-415 Dancing- mothers and kids- CBC crew on the left. The mothers invited Brownstone to join the dance which he did and this was filmed by the CBC. However very soon after the Berlin wall fell, the CBC crew left in the middle of an interview with Brownstone and both film and interview disappeared. None
595 MBOI-4-8-MBS-416 House and family- note construction. None
596 MBOI-4-8-MBS-417 San Grandfather. The physique and skin quality are typical of a desert people who cover countless miles on foot, walking and running, in great heat with limited water. None
597 MBOI-4-8-MBS-418 Brownstone at SAN artifacts shop in Windhoek with SAN bow- Oxfam supported project. None
598 MBOI-4-8-MBS-419 SAN grandmother, child, and CBC journalist. None
599 MBOI-4-8-MBS-420 Grandmother, child, and CBC journalist. None
600 MBOI-4-8-MBS-421 General view of the village. None
601 MBOI-4-8-MBS-422 Mother and children at play. None
602 MBOI-4-8-MBS-424 Clyde Sanger and a South African armoured vehicle. None
603 MBOI-4-8-MBS-425 Clyde Sanger and an election worker. None
604 MBOI-4-8-MBS-426 Clyde Sanger, David, Beer, Shirley Carr (centre) Flora Macdonald. None
605 MBOI-4-8-MBS-427 Clyde Sanger and Wendy Viall (Oxfam UK) None
606 MBOI-4-8-MBS-428 Flora Macdonald, Clyde Sanger and UN workers. None
607 MBOI-4-8-MBS-429 Flora Macdonal and Clyde Sanger lunching in unison. None
608 MBOI-4-8-MBS-430 Flora Macdonald in a northern village investigating security conditions in the area. None
609 MBOI-4-8-MBS-431 UK Staff person. None
610 MBOI-4-8-MBS-432 Clyde Sanger and Flora Macdonal at the Oxfam supported brick factory. None
611 MBOI-4-8-MBS-433 Shirley Carr, Namibian women's movement representative, Flora Macdonald. None
612 MBOI-4-8-MBS-434 Waiting to vote- a too typical experience but voters persisted. None
613 MBOI-4-8-MBS-435 SWAPO getting out the vote. None
614 MBOI-4-8-MBS-436 Herero women in tribal dress leaving the poll. For Hereros voting was particularly significant since they had suffered a horrible massacre at the hands of the Germans. None
615 MBOI-4-8-MBS-437 UN staff preparing for the count in Windhoek. Centralized counting was a source of some controversy. None
616 MBOI-4-8-MBS-438 Long line- small polling station a defect of the voting facilities. None
617 MBOI-4-8-MBS-439 Tribal (Nama) male and tribal women in the backgroun at poll entrance- everyone turned out even the isolated tribal groups some of whom were bused in by the D.T.A. None
618 MBOI-4-8-MBS-440 A Canadian UN election official. At least two Canadian Chief Electoral Officers, British Columbia and Ontario played major roles in the UN administration. Both Oxfam Canada and Canadian Electoral official enjoyed a respected status at this and other elections on the basis of perfromance and the electoral process in Canada although most elections monitored were based on proportional legislation and rarely on first past the post. (We might note that the present planned Fair Vote Act if implemented will reduce Canada's credibility significantly. None
619 MBOI-4-8-MBS-449 Mission rented aircraft essential in a large country with very limited roads and other transport such as railways. None
620 MBOI-4-8-MBS-450 Mission aircraft and Oxfam staff person in Windhoek. None
621 MBOI-4-8-MBS-451 Mission departing for northern tour. None
622 MBOI-4-8-MBS-452 Linda Freeman None
623 MBOI-4-8-MBS-453 Gerald Caplan, Linda Freeman and Toivu Y Toivu (SWAPO Leader). He was questioned closely by the Mission on the alleged killing and torture of SWAPO members in exile accused of various "crimes against the organization." This was later taken up with Sam Nujoma, head of SWAPO. (John Saul and Colin Leys later wrote a book on this incident). None
624 MBOI-4-8-MBS-454 David Vickers and UN military None
625 MBOI-4-8-MBS-455 Johanna Oosterveld- right and Iona Campagnola- left None
626 MBOI-4-8-MBS-456 Johanna Oosterveld and leader of the Namibian women's movement and important partner of Oxfam Canada and a major political force. None
627 MBOI-4-8-MBS-457 Toivu Y toivu and Linda Freeman None
628 MBOI-4-8-MBS-458 Linda Freeman None
629 MBOI-4-8-MBS-459 Johanna Oosterveld and one of the members of the Japanese delegation. None
630 MBOI-4-8-MBS-460 Victory! None
631 MBOI-4-8-MBS-461 Helping an elderly voter. None
632 MBOI-4-8-MBS-462 Police helping an elderly voter. None
633 MBOI-4-8-MBS-463 Daughter helping mother None
634 MBOI-4-8-MBS-464 Making every effort to vote. None
635 MBOI-4-8-MBS-465 D.T.A. busses None
636 MBOI-4-8-MBS-466 Celebration in Windhoek. None
637 MBOI-4-8-MBS-467 Toivu Y Toivu proclaiming victory for SWAPO None
638 MBOI-4-8-MBS-468 Toivu Y Toivu proclaiming victory for SWAPO None
639 MBOI-4-8-MBS-469 Libertine Appolus-Amadhila future health minister. None
640 MBOI-4-8-MBS-470 Mission members- their work almost done- rear Joaneed Khan, Don Dunbar, front, Gerald Caplan, David Vickers. None
641 MBOI-4-8-MBS-471 Mission members- their work almost done- rear Joaneed Khan, Don Dunbar, front, Gerald Caplan, David Vickers. None
642 MBOI-4-8-MBS-472 Vick Viall (U.K.) in returnees' camp with Oxfam funded materials. None
643 MBOI-4-8-MBS-473 Canadian metal ballot boxes in Windhoek for central count. None
644 MBOI-4-9-MBP-162 Bruce Cockburn with unidentified Oxfam Canada member, holding a sign that say "Nicaragua". None
645 MBOI-4-9-MBP-163 Meyer Brownstone, Bruce Cockburn, and an unidentified female Oxfam Canada member at a new conference. None
646 MBOI-4-9-MBP-164 Meyer Brownstone, Bruce Cockburn, and an unidentified female Oxfam Canada member at a new conference. None
647 MBOI-4-9-MBP-165 A Oxfam Canada demonstration, a march with banners. None
648 MBOI-4-9-MBP-166 An unidentified man. None
649 MBOI-4-9-MBP-167 Meyer Brownstone speaking at a microphone. None
650 MBOI-4-9-MBP-168 Bruce Meyer speaking at a microphone. None
651 MBOI-4-9-MBP-169 An unidentified man speaking at a microphone. None
652 MBOI-4-9-MBP-170 [Oxfam Photos, early 1980s] None
653 MBOI-4-10-MBP-191 Light aircraft on patrol above rally. South Africa, 1994. None
654 MBOI-4-10-MBP-192 Smoke bomb use for dispersal of Inkatha attackers. South Africa, 1994. None
655 MBOI-4-10-MBP-193 Army patrol pursuing Inkatha who were attacking outside of the stadium. South Africa, 1994. None
656 MBOI-4-10-MBP-194 ANC supporters forced to vacate the stadium and abandon their rally. South Africa, 1994. None
657 MBOI-4-10-MBP-195 Onlookers and smoke bombs. South Africa, 1994. None
658 MBOI-4-10-MBP-196 Inkatha toy toying home still displaying hostility but not attacking. South Africa, 1994. None
659 MBOI-4-10-MBP-197 Army searching for Inkatha gunman. South Africa, 1994. None
660 MBOI-4-10-MBP-198 Patrol. South Africa, 1994. None
661 MBOI-4-10-MBP-199 Smoke bomb. South Africa, 1994. None
662 MBOI-4-11-MBP-171 Mission monitor observing preparations at Ohlanga poll (Mandela's) South Africa, 1994. None
663 MBOI-4-11-MBP-172 Monitoring materials preparation. South Africa, 1994 None
664 MBOI-4-11-MBP-173 Monitoring elections material with IEC official. There was close co-operation between the mission and the IEC throughout the process. South Africa, 1994. None
665 MBOI-4-11-MBP-174 IEC monitors materials delivery. South Africa, 1994. None
666 MBOI-4-11-MBP-175 Briefing mission with McKinnon (Oxfam) left with maps. South Africa, 1994. None
667 MBOI-4-11-MBP-176 Briefing the mission. South Africa, 1994. None
668 MBOI-4-11-MBP-177 Mission assembled in Ottawa for pre-departure briefing- note the gender, age, and ethnicity diversity. Ottawa, 1994. None
669 MBOI-4-11-MBP-178 Ted Walsh with Meyer Brownstone, pre-election visit to Natal. South Africa, 1994. None
670 MBOI-4-11-MBP-179 Organizing a polling station. South Africa, ca. 1994. None
671 MBOI-4-11-MBP-180 Trucking in materials to IEC Durban. South Africa, 1994. None
672 MBOI-4-11-MBP-181 Election education at schools. South Africa, 1994. None
673 MBOI-4-11-MBP-182 Election education at schools. South Africa, 1994. None
674 MBOI-4-11-MBP-183 Moving voting booth walls for installation. South Africa, 1994. None
675 MBOI-4-11-MBP-184 Procedures- voting station. South Africa, 1994. None
676 MBOI-4-11-MBP-185 Procedures- security. South Africa, 1994 None
677 MBOI-4-11-MBP-186 Procedures- voting cards (registration) None
678 MBOI-4-11-MBP-187 Procedures- election materials. South Africa, 1994 None
679 MBOI-4-11-MBP-188 Durban waterfront. South Africa, 1994. None
680 MBOI-4-11-MBP-189 Durban Peace Rally. South Africa, 1994. None
681 MBOI-4-11-MBP-190 Durban Peace Rally. South Africa, 1994. None
682 MBOI-4-12-MBS-220 Preparing voting material in the polling station Ohlanga in the village of Inanda. South Africa, ca. 1993 None
683 MBOI-4-12-MBS-221 Briefing the staff at Ohlanga. Brownstone and Gallagher arrived long before the poll opened. South Africa, cc. 1994. None
684 MBOI-4-12-MBS-222 Waiting to vote. A large crowd was formed by people wanting to vote in the same poll as Mandela. South Africa, ca. 1994. None
685 MBOI-4-12-MBS-223 Democratic party member voting. South Africa, ca. 1994. None
686 MBOI-4-12-MBS-224 Press surrounding Mandela as he arrived. The press also arrive very early and was barred from admission to the poll. South Africa, 1994. None
687 MBOI-4-12-MBS-225 Press assembling at the poll at dawn. South Africa, 1994 None
688 MBOI-4-12-MBS-226 Voters registering after Mandela voted. South Africa, 1994. None
689 MBOI-4-12-MBS-227 A voting official. South Africa, 1994. None
690 MBOI-4-12-MBS-228 Ms. Zuma voting after Mandela. South Africa, 1994. None
691 MBOI-4-12-MBS-229 Mandela addressing press after voting. He actually performed a balloting exercise outside the station after actually voting inside the poll as a bit of theatre for the press which wanted to record him voting. South Africa, 1994. None
692 MBOI-4-12-MBS-230 Press in "corral"- denied entry into the station. None
693 MBOI-4-12-MBS-231 Voters waiting long hours at Ohlanga polling station. South Africa, 1994. None
694 MBOI-4-12-MBS-232 Mandela going through the regular pre-voting procedure. None
695 MBOI-4-12-MBS-233 Press waiting. None
696 MBOI-4-12-MBS-234 Mandela Addressing Press. None
697 MBOI-4-12-MBS-235 Voting after Mandela. None
698 MBOI-4-12-MBS-236 Waiting to register. None
699 MBOI-4-12-MBS-237 Dancing at voter education session. Singing and dancing were part of many of such sessions reflecting the enthusiasm of the people - especially women and youth who played a major role. None
700 MBOI-4-12-MBS-238 Registration congestion in Kwa Zulu caused by the late decision of the Ikatha Freedom Party (IFP) to participate in the election and cease its violence. None
701 MBOI-4-12-MBS-239 Mandela addressing a rally. He attracted enormous crowds whenever he appeared in public. None
702 MBOI-4-12-MBS-240 People arriving at Mandela Rally. None
703 MBOI-4-12-MBS-241 People arriving for Mandela Rally. None
704 MBOI-4-12-MBS-242 Polling station without electricity- due to late entry of IFP. None
705 MBOI-4-12-MBS-243 Polling station without electricity None
706 MBOI-4-12-MBS-244 ANC campaign posters. None
707 MBOI-4-12-MBS-245 Ready for any eventuality at Mandela rally. None
708 MBOI-4-12-MBS-246 Posters. None
709 MBOI-4-12-MBS-247 Rally at Umlazi (near Durban) (Brownstone Walsh mission) None
710 MBOI-4-12-MBS-248 Mandela Rally. None
711 MBOI-4-12-MBS-249 Preparations in Kwa Zulu under crisis situation- These slides are taken to illustrate the crisis in preparations of polling stations cause by the IPF boycotting of the election until the last minute which meant a rush to set up polling station and provide them with materials and staff. No shortcuts were made in the process- e.g. issuing voter cards. None
712 MBOI-4-12-MBS-250 Various shots of preparing materials for sending to stations (see MBS-249) None
713 MBOI-4-12-MBS-251 Various shots of preparing materials for sending to stations (see MBS-249) None
714 MBOI-4-12-MBS-252 Various shots of preparing material for sending to stations (MBS-249). None
715 MBOI-4-12-MBS-253 Various shots of preparing material for sending to stations (MBS-249). None
716 MBOI-4-12-MBS-254 Various shots of preparing material for sending to stations (MBS-249). None
717 MBOI-4-12-MBS-255 Various shots of preparing material for sending to stations (MBS-249). None
718 MBOI-4-12-MBS-256 Guarding voting materials necessary because the situation in the region was still tense. None
719 MBOI-4-12-MBS-257 Waiting for materials storage to open- mission monitor Gallagher in attendance. The situation was very open to various type of election fraud. None
720 MBOI-4-12-MBS-258 Loading materials. None
721 MBOI-4-12-MBS-259 Guarding station. None
722 MBOI-4-12-MBS-260 Materials being prepared for loading. None
723 MBOI-4-12-MBS-261 IEC (Independent Electoral Commission) loading ballots. None
724 MBOI-4-12-MBS-262 Peace rally in Durban - parade to the stadium. [There was a very large Peace Rally in Durban preceding the election- a response to the high level of violence throughout the province between ANC and Inkatha Freedom Party supporters. Many were killed or injured until the IFP agreed to participate in the election] None
725 MBOI-4-12-MBS-263 Dancing at the rally (see MBS-260). None
726 MBOI-4-12-MBS-264 Crowd arriving at the stadium. (see MBS-260) None
727 MBOI-4-12-MBS-265 View of the crowd (see MBS-260) None
728 MBOI-4-12-MBS-266 Rainbow crowd- a good example of post-apartheid of universal participation at the Durban Peace Rally. None
729 MBOI-4-12-MBS-267 Women's evengelical group at the Durban Peace Rally- there was a heavy religious emphasis at the rally including various sects. e None
730 MBOI-4-12-MBS-268 Rally band at the Durban Peace Rally. None
731 MBOI-4-12-MBS-269 Religious ecstasy. None
732 MBOI-4-12-MBS-270 A preacher at the Durban Peace Rally None
733 MBOI-4-12-MBS-271 More ecstasy at the Durban Peace Rally. None
734 MBOI-4-12-MBS-272 Election violence- a case study witnessed by the pre-election mission of Brownstone and Walsh. The location was in Umlazi at a stadium where the ANC had organized a rally but were prevented from holding it by an armed intervention of Inkatha which denied use of the stadium. Here, view of ANC supporters at rally outside stadium. None
735 MBOI-4-12-MBS-273 ANC supporters leaving the stadium (see MBS-270) None
736 MBOI-4-12-MBS-274 IFP toy-toying- a traditional warrior form of mobility (see MBS-270) None
737 MBOI-4-12-MBS-275 ANC outside of the stadium (see MBS-270) None
738 MBOI-4-12-MBS-276 IFP with weapons (see MBS-270) None
739 MBOI-4-12-MBS-277 View of stadium from a hill showing IFP armed supporters toy-toying around the filed. They fired their weapons towards those of us who were on the hill, including a remarkably inactive army group which seems to be observing passively. None
740 MBOI-4-12-MBS-278 ANC supporters finding sanctuary in a church. None
741 MBOI-4-12-MBS-279 ANC on roadway outside stadium. Some IFP supporters attacked the ANC outside the stadium. (see MBS-270) None
742 MBOI-4-12-MBS-280 Observer aircraft (see MBS-270) None
743 MBOI-4-12-MBS-281 ANC moving to higher ground (See MBS-270) None
744 MBOI-4-12-MBS-282 IFP toy-toying home. None
745 MBOI-4-12-MBS-283 Army on hill avoiding fire from stadium (See MBS-270) None
746 MBOI-4-12-MBS-284 Army aiming downhill towards the stadium (See MBS-270) None
747 MBOI-4-12-MBS-285 Army searching for IFP in bush (See MBS-268). None
748 MBOI-4-12-MBS-286 View of the stadium from the hill. None
749 MBOI-4-12-MBS-287 IFP group- note Zulu shields None
750 MBOI-4-12-MBS-288 Army avoiding IFP fire. None
751 MBOI-4-12-MBS-289 Army showing typical "energy". This part of a scenario in which the pro-apartheid political forces supported the IFP led by their candidate Buthelezi. In our pre-election mission to Natal we visited Buthelezi and were invited to a lunch at which the guests were leaders of the most conservative white pro-apartheid groups. We had not anticipate staying for lunch and our aircraft was ready to leave but Buthelezi seized the opportunity to show-off" off his distinguished visitors from Canada, i.e. Broadbent, Macdonald and campagnola all prominent parliamentarians and leaders in their parties. (However, at the meeting with him Buthelezi followed protocol allowing only Brownstone as head of mission to sit close to him!!!) None
752 MBOI-4-12-MBS-290 Left to right- winnie NG now a member of the Ryerson University Faculty, Doris Anderson, former editor of Chatelaine and prominent feminist leader, ? None
753 MBOI-4-12-MBS-291 An unidentified man with Randy Mapp-Halifax. None
754 MBOI-4-12-MBS-292 Dinner at Pietermaritzburg with Canada ambassaador and Minister Christine Stewart (I think). The mission had excellent realtions with the Canadian Embassy. None
755 MBOI-4-12-MBS-293 Brownstone and Mapp None
756 MBOI-4-12-MBS-294 ? and Mapp None
757 MBOI-4-12-MBS-295 Winnie Ng with Dave Barrett and Shirley Barrett in the background (Barrett was a former NDP premier of British Columbia and in 1994 a prominent radio broadcaster) None
758 MBOI-4-12-MBS-296 Jim McKinnon-Oxfam staff and co-ordinator on the mission in Canada None
759 MBOI-4-12-MBS-297 David Gallagher and McKinnon- key co-ordinator of the mission. None
760 MBOI-4-12-MBS-298 David Gallagher and McKinnon- key co-ordinator of the mission. None
761 MBOI-4-12-MBS-299 McKinnon at the Durban mission housing base. None
762 MBOI-4-12-MBS-300 Durban mission housing base. None
763 MBOI-4-12-MBS-301 Barrett's going to their cottage None
764 MBOI-4-12-MBS-302 Mission house keeper. None
765 MBOI-4-12-MBS-303 Barrett and the Gallaghers None
766 MBOI-4-12-MBS-304 McKinnon in the Peace Observer vet- KNEONwa Zulu Natal Election Oberver Network None
767 MBOI-4-12-MBS-305 Randy Mapp in KNEON vest. None
768 MBOI-4-12-MBS-306 Assembling for an ANC trade union rally. None
769 MBOI-4-12-MBS-307 Gallagher with Chairman of the Rally None
770 MBOI-4-12-MBS-308 Call for order- note Chris Hani poster (an ANC hero) None
771 MBOI-4-12-MBS-309 Speaker at the ANC rally. None
772 MBOI-4-12-MBS-310 ANC posters at the rally. None
773 MBOI-4-12-MBS-311 ANC posters at the rally. None
774 MBOI-4-12-MBS-312 Voting in a Kwa Zulu poll- this is another illustration of the problem of administering the election in Inkatha heartland- the scene of great pre-election conflict and the delay in setting up the election facilities until a last minute agreement by Inkatha to participate. Here, John Graham and an IFP leader- this leader was identified by local people as having led attacks on schools and ANC offices and buses (see report on Empangeni) None
775 MBOI-4-12-MBS-313 Overcrowded polling station in which both voter card issuing and voting occur in dubious fashion but allowing voting to occur. None
776 MBOI-4-12-MBS-314 IEC attempting to get ready. None
777 MBOI-4-12-MBS-315 Gallagher voting illegally- illustrating the problem in this region. None
778 MBOI-4-12-MBS-316 Brownstone, Gallagher with IFP leader- celebrating the final effort to achieve universal voting. None
779 MBOI-4-12-MBS-317 Teachers in school previously attacked by the IFP. We observed bullet holes in the walls. None
780 MBOI-4-12-MBS-318 IFP rally. None
781 MBOI-4-12-MBS-319 Gallagher voting again!!! None
782 MBOI-4-12-MBS-320 An academic briefing the mission on the history of the area. None
783 MBOI-4-12-MBS-321 IEC briefing the mission on electoral system None
784 MBOI-4-12-MBS-322 Gallagher and daughter (Grand-daughter?) None
785 MBOI-4-12-MBS-323 Dining at the Gallaghers None
786 MBOI-4-12-MBS-324 Briefing session left to right: Shirley Barrett, Dave Barrett, Richard D'Aeth, and Patrick Case. None
787 MBOI-4-12-MBS-325 Socializing. Pat Case, Randy Mapp, and Patrick Case None
788 MBOI-4-12-MBS-326 Briefing the mission None
789 MBOI-4-12-MBS-327 Briefing the mission None
790 MBOI-4-12-MBS-328 Barrett and Gallagher None
791 MBOI-4-12-MBS-329 Briefing by Gallagher None
792 MBOI-4-12-MBS-330 Our housekeeper- she was from a rural village and socially as a black at a lower racial level than the owners of the house who were classified as coloured. At that point in history the social structure was still very clearly that of the apartheid regime. We encountered this everywhere. None
793 MBOI-4-12-MBS-331 Two mission members in Umlazi None
794 MBOI-4-12-MBS-332 The Barretts None
795 MBOI-4-12-MBS-333 Dave Barrett at work phoning news to Canada. As the mission's "Chief correspondent" Dave phoned Canada each evening and, where warranted, more frequently. None
796 MBOI-4-12-MBS-334 Observers all dressed up- hats and arm bands. None
797 MBOI-4-12-MBS-335 Ted Walsh at polling station None
798 MBOI-4-12-MBS-336 Waiting at the health centre. None
799 MBOI-4-12-MBS-337 Voter education- women played a major role both as teacher and students. None
800 MBOI-4-12-MBS-338 IEC pre-election organizing None
801 MBOI-4-12-MBS-339 IEC pre-election organizing None
802 MBOI-4-12-MBS-340 Voting enthusiast None
803 MBOI-4-12-MBS-341 Waiting for voters None
804 MBOI-4-12-MBS-342 Determined voters. The Strength of African women was impressive. Their focus was clearly on the electing and supporting the ANC rather than, for example, the feminist struggle as such. None
805 MBOI-4-12-MBS-406 Parcels belonging to new arrivals. None